C# - Ping class

By , 1/23/2007
(1 ratings)
Ping functionality written in 100% .Net - Code

usage:

Pinger pinger = new Pinger();
pinger.Open();
TimeSpan time = pinger.Send("192.168.1.1", new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0, 0, 1000));
pinger.Close();

if (time == TimeSpan.MaxValue)
{
// Timeout
}
using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Threading;

/// <summary>
/// Ping functionality in .Net 
/// </summary>
public class Pinger
{
    protected Socket socket;
    protected bool isOpen;
    protected ManualResetEvent readComplete;
    protected byte lastSequenceNr = 0;
    protected byte[] pingCommand;
    protected byte[] pingResult;

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="Pinger"/> class.
    /// </summary>
    public Pinger()
    {
        pingCommand = new byte[8];
        pingCommand[0] = 8; // Type
        pingCommand[1] = 0; // Subtype
        pingCommand[2] = 0; // Checksum
        pingCommand[3] = 0;
        pingCommand[4] = 1; // Identifier
        pingCommand[5] = 0;
        pingCommand[6] = 0; // Sequence number
        pingCommand[7] = 0;

        pingResult = new byte[pingCommand.Length + 1000];
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Opens this instance.
    /// </summary>
    public void Open()
    {
        socket = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork, SocketType.Raw, ProtocolType.Icmp);
        isOpen = true;
        readComplete = new ManualResetEvent(false);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Closes this instance.
    /// </summary>
    public void Close()
    {
        isOpen = false;
        socket.Close();
        readComplete.Close();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sends the Ping to the specified address.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="address">The address.</param>
    /// <param name="timeout">The timeout.</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public TimeSpan Send(string address, TimeSpan timeout)
    {
        while (socket.Available > 0)
            socket.Receive(pingResult, Math.Min(socket.Available, pingResult.Length), SocketFlags.None);

        readComplete.Reset();
        DateTime timeSend = DateTime.Now;
        pingCommand[6] = lastSequenceNr++;
        SetChecksum(pingCommand);
        int iSend = socket.SendTo(pingCommand, new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Parse(address), 0));
        socket.BeginReceive(pingResult, 0, pingResult.Length, SocketFlags.None, new AsyncCallback(CallBack), null);

        if (readComplete.WaitOne(timeout, false))
        {
            if ((pingResult[20] == 0) && (pingCommand[4] == pingResult[24]) && (pingCommand[5] == pingResult[25]) &&
                (pingCommand[6] == pingResult[26]) && (pingCommand[7] == pingResult[27]))
                return DateTime.Now.Subtract(timeSend);
        }
        return TimeSpan.MaxValue;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// CallBack.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="result">The result.</param>
    protected void CallBack(IAsyncResult result)
    {
        if (isOpen)
        {
            try
            {
                socket.EndReceive(result);
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
            }
            readComplete.Set();
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the checksum.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="tel">The tel.</param>
    private void SetChecksum(byte[] tel)
    {
        tel[2] = 0;
        tel[3] = 0;
        uint cs = 0;

        for (int i = 0; i < pingCommand.Length; i = i + 2)
            cs += BitConverter.ToUInt16(pingCommand, i);
        cs = ~((cs & 0xffffu) + (cs >> 16));
        tel[2] = (byte) cs;
        tel[3] = (byte) (cs >> 8);
    }
}
Tagged with Ping.

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